Sleep in Antarctica: from the Sleep Disturbances Towards All the Challenges

Authors

  • Oleksandr Shylo Institute for Problems of Cryobiology and Cryomedicine of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kharkiv
  • Dmytro Lutsenko Institute for Problems of Cryobiology and Cryomedicine of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kharkiv
  • Olena L. Lutsenko V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, Kharkiv
  • Georgiy Babiychuk Institute for Problems of Cryobiology and Cryomedicine of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kharkiv
  • Yevgen Moiseyenko State Institution National Antarctic Scientific Center of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, Kyiv; Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15407/cryo30.01.003

Keywords:

low temperatures, Antarctica, sleep, sleep disturbances, circadian rhythm

Abstract

Abstract. From the fi rst expeditions, adaptation to the harsh environment of Antarctica, the expeditionists complained of a trouble sleeping. During a long stay on the continent, the polar explorers are exposed to a large number of extreme environmental factors both at the station and outside it, but the main physical factors of sleep disturbances are considered to be the pecu-liarities of light and photoperiod. Recently, more attention has been paid to clarifying the role of psychological adaptation to the Antarctica conditions, regarding the living in a small group and confi ned space. Existing methods to prevent the sleep disorders, fi rst of all, comprise the manipulating with light parameters, activity and rest schedules. A thorough preliminary selection of expedi-tionists to establish the necessary psychological climate, thinking about gender and multicultural characteristics of adaptation can also be considered with the perspective of preventive measures. At the same time, little attention is paid to the investigation of the role of ‘non-core’ factors (chronotype, personality traits and features of personal adaptation to the extreme environment of Antarctica), as well as forced contact with cold, affecting sleep.

 

Probl Cryobiol Cryomed 2020; 30(1): 003–023

Author Biographies

Oleksandr Shylo , Institute for Problems of Cryobiology and Cryomedicine of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kharkiv

Department of Cryophysiology

Dmytro Lutsenko , Institute for Problems of Cryobiology and Cryomedicine of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kharkiv

Department of Cryophysiology

Olena L. Lutsenko , V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, Kharkiv

Department of Applied Psychology

Department of Clinical Neurology, Psychiatry and Narcology

Georgiy Babiychuk , Institute for Problems of Cryobiology and Cryomedicine of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kharkiv

Department of Cryophysiology

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Published

2020-03-28

How to Cite

Shylo , O., Lutsenko , D., Lutsenko , O., Babiychuk , G., & Moiseyenko, Y. (2020). Sleep in Antarctica: from the Sleep Disturbances Towards All the Challenges. Problems of Cryobiology and Cryomedicine, 30(1), 3-23. https://doi.org/10.15407/cryo30.01.003