Influence of Low-Temperature Modes of Winter Rye Seed Storage on Its Yield-Related Traits

Authors

Keywords:

winter rye, grain, low temperature, storage, longevity, moisture, germination

Abstract

The effect of different storage modes for the seeds of winter rye breeidng sample (Secale cereale L. subsp. cereale var. vulgare Koern) on its longevity, germination and yield structure was studied. Seed samples with a moisture content of 5–7% were stored in an airtight container for up to 42 months at 4 and –20°C. Control of plant germination and assessment of yield-related traits were carried out for three years according to standard methods. The research findings demonstrated the variation of seed germination depending on the sample genotype. No differences were noted in the longevity of seeds after 30 and 42 months of storage under various temperature regimens. The results of the analysis of yield-related traits of plants for two or three consecutive years did not show any significant advantages when influenced by 4 or –20°C on the spike length, number of productive stems and the mass of grain derived from the spike. However, at the same time, differences were found for plant height and weight of 1,000 grains in some cases in the seeds stored at temperatures of 4 or −20°C.

Probl Cryobiol Cryomed 2022; 32(2):111120

References

Arif MAR, Börner A. Mapping of QTL associated with seed longevity in durum wheat (Triticm durum Desf.). J Appl Genet.2019; 60(1): 33-6. CrossRef

Dupont FM, Altenbach SB. Molecular and biochemical impacts of environmental factors on wheat grain development and protein synthesis. J Cereal Sci. 2003; 38(2): 133-46. CrossRef

FAO. Genebank Standards for plant genetic resources for food and agriculture. Rome: FAO; 2014. [Internet]. [cited 2021 Jun 20]. Available from: https://www.fao.org/3/a-i3704e.pdf

[International rules for seed testing]. Мoscow: Kolos; 1984. 311 p. Russian

[Method of state plant variety trials for suitability for dissemination in Ukraine]. In: [Protection of rights to plant varieties]. Kyiv: Alefa; 2003. p. 191-203. Russian

Mira S, Pirredda M, Martin-Sanchez M, et al. DNA methylation and integrity in aged seeds and regenerated plants. Seed Sci Res. 2020; 30(2): 92-100. CrossRef

Pirredda M, Gonzalez-Benito ME, Martin C, et al. Genetic and epigenetic stability in rye seeds under diff erent storage conditions: ageing and oxygen eff ect. Plants. [Internet]. 2020 Mar 23 [cited 2021 May 12]; 9(3): 393. Available from: https://www.mdpi.com/2223-7747/9/3/393 CrossRef

Solberg SV, Brodal G, Bothmer R, et al. Seed germination after 30 years storage in permafrost. Plants. [Internet]. 2020 May 2 [cited 2021 May 12]; 9(5): 579. Available from: https://www.mdpi.com/2223-7747/9/5/579 CrossRef

Wan Y, Poole RL, Huttly AK, et al. Transcriptome analysis of grain development in hexaploid wheat. BMC Genomics. [Internet]. 2008 Mar 06 [cited 12.05.2021]; 9: 121. Available from: https://bmcgenomics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2164-9-121 CrossRef

Zadorozhnaya OA, Boguslavsky RL. [Influence of accelerated aging of seeds on cytogenetic and morphological plant parameters of different wheat species.] Tsitol Genet. 1998; 32(2): 20-30. Russian

Zadorozhna OA, Shyianova TP, Herasimov NV. [Features of long term seed storage of rye genepool accessions]. Genetichnì resursi roslin. 2014; (14): 105-14. Ukrainian

Zadorozhna OA, Shyianova TP, Skorokhodov MYu. [Seed storage of durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) under controlled conditions]. Genetichnì resursi roslin. 2020; (26): 105-15. Ukrainian. CrossRef

Zhao C, He M, Wang Z, et al. Effects of different water availability at post-anthesis stage on grain nutrition and quality in stronggluten winter wheat. C R Biol. 2009; 332 (8): 759-64. CrossRef

Downloads

Published

2022-10-30

How to Cite

Zadorozhna, O., & Yehorov, D. (2022). Influence of Low-Temperature Modes of Winter Rye Seed Storage on Its Yield-Related Traits . Problems of Cryobiology and Cryomedicine, 32(2), 111–120. Retrieved from https://journal.cryo.org.ua/index.php/probl-cryobiol-cryomed/article/view/1792

Issue

Section

Cryopreservation of Biological Resources